There you go, you have the answer from the title of the article. Drone Air Traffic Control System By 2019. But if you want to know how or why, better get reading.
Flying is the safest method of transportation with only 0.07 deaths per one billion passenger miles. At the opposite pole, the motorcycle is the most dangerous way of travelling with 212.57 deaths per billion passenger miles travelled.
Flying Remains The Safest Method Of Transportation
Despite the recent plane crashes like the AirAsia Flight QZ8501 that went missing en route, from Indonesia to Singapore in December 2014, or the Germanwings Flight 4U9525 this March 2015 after it was deliberately downed by co-pilot Andreas Lubitz, commercial airplane crashes are very rare these days and when it happens, it makes international news.
When you fly on a commercial airplane, you relax knowing that someone, somewhere, is keeping an eye on a screen on which your airplane is just a little spot.
His job is to keep that spot away from other spots and so far the system has worked quite well.
Every day at Heathrow 1,500 flights take off and land – one every 40 seconds and half a million per year. A lot of spots already but nothing compared to the “pixelated pictures” soon to come.
The Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) industry will expand from $6.8 billion in 2014 to $19.5 billion in 2020 and 110,000 drones operating by 2020.
The number of drones is growing by the minute. Commercial, leisure, military, there are drones for everything. Delivery, emergency response, pipeline and rail inspection, agricultural monitoring, creating the need for capable, future-proof air traffic control system.
The current regulatory environment of what is allowed with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV – aircrafts with no pilot on board) must be reviewed, updated and rapidly deployed as hundreds of thousand UAVs are starting to take flight.
Future Belongs To Autonomous, Swarm Of Drones
This year on the 6th of May, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) announced the Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) “Focus Area Pathfinders” initiative, designed to explore the next steps in unmanned aircraft operations (drones).
In parallel to the Pathfinders project, NASA is working to Unmanned Aerial System Traffic Management (UTM) and once completed – by 2019 – have it transferred to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for operational management.
In Europe, LaBRI’s (Laboratoire Bordelais de Recherche en Informatique) project Cooperative Autonomous Reconfigurable UAV Swarm (CARUS) stands out.
The goal is to outfit every UAV platform (drone), be that a commercial or hobbyist drone, with technology that sends real-time flight data transmission based on worldwide cellular networks and satellite communications.
The men and women in the tower at your local airport can track about ten manned aircraft at a given time, a relatively small number. A drone air traffic control architecture will handle massive data bandwidth, automatically.
The cornerstone of such a system will be a platform agnostic device capable of capturing and transmitting basic flight data in a reliable way.