Fashion Tech

Blockchaining Fashion Industry – Smart Clothes, Wearables And IoT

blockchaining fashion smart labels in fashion industry

Blockchaining Fashion Industry – Smart Clothes, Wearables And IoT

The issue with fashion is that some get it and some don’t. But that’s just fine, as fashion is not for everybody. One thing is certain: fashionable or not, wearing clothes is required by law. Irrespective of gender, age, political views or religion, everybody must wear clothes in public. While the requirements of wearing clothes might never change, the garments we wear and their composite materials keep changing, evolving all the time.

Blockchaining Fashion Industry smart labels, fashion tech

‘Amoeba shoe’ designed with protocell technology.

The apparel sector has come a long way, from times of animal skins used as rudimentary forms of garments to the modern era of smart textiles, cognitive dresses, nanotech infused garments, soon to be put on the blockchain. A blockchain is a list of growing records called blocks. These records (blocks) are linked together and secured using cryptography.

Each block contains a hash pointer as a link to a previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data. By design, blockchains are temper resistant therefore the cannot be modified once recorded on the ledged. In fashion, such technology can prove vital to stop counterfeiting and greenwashing.

A blockchain is a digitised public ledger of transactions without a centralised recordkeeping.

Blockchaining Fashion Industry – Immutable Profiles

A perfect example of how blockchain technology is going to change the fashion industry could come in the shape of a collaboration between a blockchain provides, such as VeChain or Stratis Platform and Avery Dennison, a global manufacturer of clothing labels. This type of partnership could launch a new type of ‘care label’ that connects fashion garments and accessories to their own immutable digital profiles, all on the blockchain.

The blockchain platform would grant Avery Dennison access to their proprietary blockchains which combine the latest advances in security and stability with the latest breakthroughs in network speed, scalability and customization, to record various types of information such as the materials used, their provenience, product warranty, health status, even location and environmental data.

Blockchaining Fashion Industry Vechain can append information to any physical object once 'digitised' on their blockchain platform.

VeChain can append information to any physical object once ‘digitised’ on their blockchain platform.

As Avery Dennison is a Fortune 500 business and the number one supplier of apparel care labels in the world, counting Nike, Hugo Boss, and Under Armour amongst its vast clientele, a dedicated blockchain provider such as VeChain or Stratis would tremendously help with the integration and monitoring of billions of fashion garments, shoes and accessories, each year, helping the company combat counterfeiting and greenwashing with minimal investment.

Blockchaining Fashion Industry – IoT And Smart Labels

Such ‘blockchaining fashion’ collaborations would work by one party creating and attaching smart labels to all physical objects and the other party ensuring that each label is turned into a gateway to a unique blockchain profile which holds relevant information to each garment and allows for 24/7 monitoring on the blockchain.

Greenwashing and counterfeiting are two of the most difficult problems facing the fashion industry and blockchain technology, through its creation of digital profiles with unique footprint and identity can be a tremendous help. The market is huge, the potential is untapped, but things are changing fast. According to VeChain website, the company is in negotiations with one of the most prestigious luxury houses in Europe for a similar project with the one described here.

Blockchaining Fashion Industry Vechain can append information to any physical object once 'digitised' on their blockchain platform.

Luxury bags added on the Vechain’s blockchain directly from the production line.

VeChain’s most basic solution is based on customised NFC labels, embedded or embossed into physical goods. The aim here is to deliver tamper-proof anti-counterfeiting solutions. The deployment of smart labels in luxury and fashion segments brings great benefits to both, the brand and the consumer.

Similar Read: The History Of Wearable Technology – Past, Present And Future

On the blockchain, smart labels provide an end-to-end product lifecycle management while also allowing the buyers to learn more about the ‘story’ behind the product, as in the materials, provenience, warranty, or how to best care for the product. The information is available to the consumer by scanning the embedded chip with a dedicated smartphone app. To date, VeChain is one of the most established blockchain companies in the industry. The company has a functional product and have ongoing partnerships with PwC and the Chinese government.

The idea of smart labels is nothing new. Smart labels are used to mark food, smartphones, toys, clothes and even humans. What is new here is the blockchain technology that provides an immutable ledger where the second generation of RFID tags can write and synchronise relevant information, on the go.

Thanks to the smart label technology, your sneakers could ‘talk’ to you via text messages. You could receive friendly alerts in the case of a malfunction or regular maintenance reminders and even how to best recycle them, at the end of their life.

Blockchaining Fashion Industry The Internet of Things on the blockchain: 50 Billion Connected Devices by 2025 - source, IHS Quarterly.

Blockchaining Fashion Industry: 50 Billion Connected Devices by 2025 – source, IHS Quarterly.

Ethics wise, for the more conscious consumer the object’s digital recording on the blockchain will let you use any smartphone app to scan the ‘smart’ label and see if the dinner dress you are about to purchase is genuine, made of organic cotton and environment-friendly, just as advertised.

Upgrading to ‘blockchain smart labels’ is crucial in ensuring compatibility with emerging technological tides, increasingly intersecting with both segments of personal luxury goods and fashion such as augmented reality (AR) and artificial intelligence (AI).

Blockchaining Fashion Industry – Consumer Data

Artificial intelligence plays an important role in helping marketers gain insights into comprehensive arrays of opportunities. However, to identify patterns and make almost impossible connections, the AI requires more than just sales and conversational data. Blockchain-linked ‘smart labels’ are the perfect match for AI, ‘feeding’ the algorithm with relevant product data and consumers’ behavioural patterns and biometric data.

smart labels used in the fashion industry

RFID label by Avery Dennison, ready to be put on the blockchain.

A more advanced type of smart label, designed for biometric data collection thanks to its natural on-the-skin placement via bras and underwears, is developed by Harvard University.

“Here we demonstrate a simple process of transforming general cotton threads into intelligent e-textiles using a polyelectrolyte-based coating with carbon nanotubes…can be used to detect albumin, key proteins, blood, with high accuracy.” Nano Letters, vol. 8. Issue 12, pp. 4151-4157. December 2008; Wearable Fabrics For Human Biomonitoring.


A human biometric sensor containing ‘digital footprints’ ready to go on the blockchain.

‘Smart labels’ on the blockchain are the solution for ending counterfeiting and greenwashing but also the most advanced system of consumer data collection. Inexpensive and non-intrusive to the wearer, these inconspicuous devices can combine environmental, geographic, and digital ‘footprints’ from smartphones, tablets and wearable devices to provide AI with highly accurate and very detailed consumer patterns.

‘Blockchaining’ the landscape of fashion and personal luxury goods provide brands with insights once emerged from human intuition. By straining vast amounts of blockchain-based big data through complex learning algorithms the AI is finally taking guesswork out of the equation.



  1. mckeay

    28th April 2016 at

    eye opening article. my first impulse was, I’m cool with my health, don’t care about any monitoring, what if I cut off the labels? but then, for sure their next move is to embed the monitoring technology directly in the textiles and I do not see myself walking naked down the street or at the office, not yet anyway. unfortunately, this is the unavoidable future.

  2. mckeay

    29th April 2016 at

    one more thing, how do these smart labels get activated, know who’s the wearer and connect to the right cloud account? i mean, if i get your digital persona concept right, these smart labels switch on when you your clothes on to carry on with the data collection from where the other garment-label left. from one to another, from my shoes to my pants, from my office shirt to my sleeping sox for the data to be constantly sent to the digital profile or am i wrong here?

    • ForniereP

      29th April 2016 at

      Huh sox when you sleep?

    • Laurenti Arnault

      30th April 2016 at

      No, you are correct. There are many options, heartbeat would be the least intrusive, the easiest and the cheapest to implement. See more here:

  3. Glen Hermit

    21st July 2016 at

    I think that like with every new technology – life will show if it’s a game changer or just another toy. I wish it will be the first.

  4. Dave

    19th January 2018 at

    Does anybody have proof of this deal between VeChain and Avery? Like a screencap of the Avery site before they took down the announcement?

  5. Daniel

    17th April 2018 at

    Blockchain and the real economy

    Developers of Yodse ecosystem are among the first to offer blockchain advantages for the real economy.
    The following types of manufacturers will be able to use Yodse ecosystem to promote and sell their products:

    – Aviation and railways equipment;
    – Automotive components;
    – Mining equipment, road construction equipment and tools;
    – Agricultural machinery;
    – Floating equipment;
    – Telecommunication and power equipment;
    – Measuring equipment;
    – Production machinery;
    – Ventilation equipment;
    – Lifting and transport equipment;
    – Shut-off and control valves, bearings, compressors, pumps;
    – Motor and turbine equipment.

    Today, some people underestimate advantages that blockchain provides to the real economy. However, we can already observe examples of large companies successfully using decentralized data networks in production.
    For example, Wells Fargo group, which operates cotton production plants, decided to use blockchain to track transportation of raw materials from Texas to China. The data chain in this case is a tracking system that reliably reports on where raw materials are at any given moment of time. The company constantly monitors the location of cotton. In case it turns out that a raw material has not been delivered to its destination, the company does not pay the counterparty for its services.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

To Top